Deepwater Technology: The K2 project: GOM challenges solved from a drilling engineer's perspective

Several challenges, including shallow-water flows, drilling through 10,000 ft of salt and hurricanes, were overcome during the K2 development project in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. Jack Sanford, Jim Woomer, Jeff Miller and Charles Russell, Eni Petroleum, Houston The K2 oil field development is 132 mi south of Louisiana’s coastline, primarily within Gulf of Mexico (GOM) Green Canyon Block 562 in water depths from 3,800 to 4,200 ft, Fig. 1. Green Canyon Block 562 is jointly owned by Eni, Anadarko Petroleum, ConocoPhillips and Chevron. This development features three subsea wells in two different clusters with processing at Anadarko’s Marco Polo Tension Leg Platform (TLP) in Green Canyon 608, 7 mi away. DEVELOPMENT HISTORY Conoco originally discovered productive hydrocarbons at the Reservoir 2 horizon in 1999. Eni (previously AGIP) established operatorship from BP in 2000 and subsequently drilled Wells 2 and 3. An additional exploration sidetrack and a bypass were further drilled to evaluate the field.

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